Regardless of its Hindutva ideology, in some states and a few elections the BJP courts Muslim voters.
Within the ever evolving Indian electoral battlefield, the elusive Muslim vote continues to be a scorching matter of dialogue. As essential states like Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and Himachal Pradesh go to polls on the native or regional degree, all political events within the fray are attempting to garner fashionable help to win the elections. On this electoral logjam, the Muslim vote has usually remained a prized electoral reward through the years.
Whereas the Muslim vote has historically remained with the Indian Nationwide Congress (INC), current election seasons have revealed the Bharatiya Janta Celebration (BJP)’s clandestine strategy to garner the Muslim vote. The truth is, opposite to present perceptions, the BJP doesn’t undervalue the Muslim vote and have been constantly eager to accumulate it. Nonetheless, the distinction lies in its strategy and its tacit machinations in buying Muslim votes — because the get together adopts a clandestine, advert hoc strategy to win the help of Muslims and its electoral technique in doing so differs state-to-state relying on what favors the management of the time. On the query of Muslims, the get together chooses to manage the narrative on the bottom to go well with its state management and, after all, its electoral prospects.
As an illustration, in Uttar Pradesh, the place municipal polls are within the offing, the BJP is leaving no stone unturned to garner the votes held by the “Pasmanda Muslims,” who comprise the underprivileged Muslims inside japanese Uttar Pradesh. They represent 85 % of the Muslim vote share and their help might allow the BJP to win important variety of seats within the japanese a part of the state — a area that’s the house turf of sitting Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. Adityanath was a 5 time member of Parliament from Gorakhpur, a key metropolis within the area.
This technique is in sync with the BJP’s plan of strengthening its vote share among the many Different Backward Castes (OBCs) and forming an umbrella coalition with their help within the state to facilitate their victory within the upcoming 2024 common elections. On this endeavor, Adityanath, a fervent Hindu nationalist chief, has now led a rapprochement with Muslims within the state by solemnizing 1,300 Muslim weddings.
Curiously, the BJP has adopted this technique in Delhi as nicely — a state the place the BJP has not received an meeting election in recent times. Therefore, within the upcoming municipality elections, it has determined to hunt Pasmanda Muslim votes to garner electoral victories. Within the japanese state of Orissa, too, the BJP has historically eschewed utilizing the “anti Muslim narrative” and the state management has harped on a extra inclusive “Sabka Saath Sabka Vikaas” narrative because the native traditions throughout the state preach inclusivity.
Whereas Muslims are an vital vote financial institution for the BJP in Uttar Pradesh, in Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s house state of Gujarat, the BJP has constantly finished a volte face. Though Muslims represent 9 % of Gujarat’s inhabitants and have a large presence in round 25 meeting seats, the BJP has not fielded a single Muslim candidate within the upcoming state meeting elections. The get together has adopted the identical technique in Gujarat over the previous couple of election cycles wherein it has chosen to keep away from giving tickets to Muslims within the state.
This electoral coverage is in direct consonance with Modi’s picture because the principal node of Hindutva politics within the state. The truth is, a communist rightfully said that “Modi sits on prime of an anti Muslim consensus (throughout the state) and his recognition flows from this.” The BJP has systematically remoted the Muslims after the Ran Janmabhoomi Motion within the Nineteen Nineties and extra importantly, the Gujarat riots in 2002, and since then BJP’s electoral victories have been in consonance with Modi’s electoral victories. This exemplifies the BJP’s complete boycott of the Muslim citizens throughout the state of Gujarat.
The same technique is being adopted by the BJP in Assam, the place the get together, beneath the management of Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sharma, is alienating Bengali Muslim settlers by indulging in spurious rhetoric towards the group. Discord between native Assamese and Bengalis has been a trigger for perpetual social discord within the area. The identical story is true for the election-bound states of Himachal Pradesh and Maharashtra, the place the BJP has chosen to signify the pursuits of Hindus consistent with its conventional Hindutva agenda.
These examples allow us to know that the BJP’s alternating outreach to and sidelining of Muslims purely is determined by its electoral technique inside completely different states for various elections. Because the get together has now firmly changed the INC because the main nationwide get together of India, it’s making an attempt to be a extra inclusive power to reckon with. It understands that utterly alienating all Muslim voters is just not a really perfect scenario. Nonetheless, this dichotomy within the get together’s remedy of Muslims hurts the very thought of India. The get together appears oblivious to this truth.