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Poles executed for hiding Jews are declared martyrs by pope


VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis on Saturday declared as martyrs a Polish couple who have been executed by German police throughout World Battle II for hiding Jews of their farmhouse.

A farmer and beekeeper, Jozef Ulma, and spouse Wiktoria within the Polish city of Markowa hid a number of members of the Jewish neighborhood, who have been being hunted down throughout the German occupation of Poland. An informant apparently betrayed them, and the Jews have been killed by police in March 1944. The couple have been then shot to demise together with their six younger youngsters, the oldest of whom was 8 years outdated.

Recognition of martyrdom would allow the couple to be beatified, the final formal step earlier than doable sainthood. After beatification, a miracle attributed to their intercession could be vital for eventual canonization, because the Catholic church’s sainthood course of is known as.

In response to Yad Vashem, the World Holocaust Remembrance Middle in Jerusalem, the couple had witnessed the execution of Jews who have been seized from their properties throughout the summer time of 1942.

Whereas the search was on for different Jews, a Jewish household of six sought shelter with the Ulmas, who took them in, together with two sisters from one other Jewish household, hiding them within the garret of their farmhouse. German police found the Jews on the farm and fatally shot them, earlier than they murdered the farmer, his spouse, who was seven months pregnant, and youngsters.

In response to the Vatican, Pope Francis realized in regards to the Ulma household when he visited Poland throughout a 2016 pilgrimage. At a public viewers in 2018, Francis hailed the household as “an instance of faithfulness to God and His commandments, of affection for neighbor and of respect for human dignity.”

Poland was the primary nation invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany in World Battle II. Members of Poland’s resistance and government-in-exile warned the world in regards to the Nazis’ mass killing of Jews, and hundreds of Poles risked their lives to assist Jews — although different Poles murdered or victimized their Jewish compatriots.

Practically all of Poland’s roughly 3 million Jews have been killed by the Germans and their collaborators throughout the Holocaust, and the Nazis constructed their main demise camps in occupied Poland.



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