Syria is without doubt one of the oldest locations the place civilization has thought to have began. Its capital, Damascus, is without doubt one of the oldest constantly inhabited cities on the planet. All through historical past it has seen many modifications, violent and in any other case.
As we speak it’s comprised of quite a few ethnic teams, largely Arab, although an affordable variety of Kurds, Armenians are additionally current. There have additionally been quite a few Iraqi refugees and the principle Arab group are themselves from totally different sects and denominations.
Round January 2011, following on from the Arab Spring the place protests in opposition to ruling regimes erupted in quite a few Center East international locations, protesters in Syria got here out demanding President Bashar al-Assad and his authorities step down. In response, Assad despatched in troops with some cities and areas being besieged for weeks and months. Each professional and anti-government protest gatherings have at instances been giant.
Criticism of Syria’s crackdown has been fairly widespread. The Arab League has responded by suspending Syria’s membership. Syria claims that it’s combating an insurgency that’s terrorist by nature and claimed Al Qaeda is concerned. It has not been attainable to confirm that declare so many see it as a cynical excuse.
The ruling regime is a sect of Shia, so has assist from Iran and Lebanese Hezbollah, whereas the opposition is basically Sunni, thus receiving assist from different Center East international locations, resembling Saudi Arabia and others.
Hundreds have been killed — civilians and armed combatants. Some are asking the West for a navy intervention like there was in Libya, however the US specifically will not be eager on one other navy intervention although they’ve been overtly hostile and demanding of the Syrian ruling regime for a few years.
China and Russia even have shut ties with Syria and thus far haven’t been eager on any motion condemning Syria and have even vetoed some actions. Some papers have reported Iran and others serving to Syria with weapons, whereas others additionally talked about the opposition being armed by the West.
Mainstream media protection is in fact a part of the problem; understandably the brutal regime crackdown has been met with shock, horror, and many others. However the protection has additionally been one-sided within the sense that related forms of violence dedicated by US-led coalition forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan don’t obtain related criticism, however a lot flatter and measured reporting as a substitute. Media Lens covers this level in far more element declaring many propaganda issues in mainstream media protection and is value studying.
The place subsequent?
- Center East: A 1300 12 months Wrestle for Management of Assets
- Center East and North Africa Unrest
- Management of Assets; Supporting Dictators, Rise of Terrorism
- Vitality Safety
- Disaster in Libya
- Syria Unrest
- Iraq—2003 onwards; Warfare, Aftermath and Submit-Saddam
- US/UK Buildup for Warfare on Iraq
- Iraq—Submit 1991 Persian Gulf Warfare/Sanctions